Among all human organs, the skin makes up the entire body, hence it is essential to take care of it. Dead cells are periodically shed and the skin is renewed. But in some cases, abnormalities occur which further results to dry and itchy scalp.
Nowadays pollution, chemicals and constant styling can reduce the quality of hair. Dry scalp may also result in itchiness and dandruff. This happens due to various reasons like normal dry scalp, sensitivity to certain ingredients like sodium laureth sulfate. There are other chemicals like silicones as well as resins which are normally used in hair care products to smoothen, straighten, curl or volumize hair. Also, improper washing of hair can lead to dryness of scalp. Apart from dandruff, there is a medical condition termed as psoriasis which is a non-contiguous condition wherein the skin becomes dry and flaky. In addition to the above, excess sebum, food, stress can also result in scalp dryness.
An effective and a suitable shampoo can cure this condition. But before choosing the best shampoo for dry scalp, it’s important to know the possible reasons and implications of dryness.
Reasons Of Dry Scalp
Dandruff is a scalp condition wherein flaky skin is shed from the dry scalp. As per the dermatologist, it does not cause any severe harm.
The other reasons include Seborrheic dermatitis which is a common skin problem resulting in redness, itchiness and flaky skin. Several parts of the body may get affected due to this skin condition and when it affects the scalp, it results to dandruff. Over-the-counter medicated shampoos are quite useful for treating this issue. In case of difficult situations, steroid creams and prescribed shampoos are most effective.
In some other cases, scalp psoriasis can be the reason behind dandruff like white flakes and itchiness of scalp. This clinical condition may occur when body’s immune system stimulates the growth of access skin cells which directly affects the scalp, resulting in dandruff.
Eczema is also a scalp condition where patches of the skin become red, cracked, rough and also get inflamed and itchy. This is mostly seen in infants and kids. Moisturizers, as well as prescribed steroid creams, are effective in curing this problem.
Also, Vitamin D deficiency, stress, hormone imbalance, high sugar level and fat ingestion are also responsible for causing itchiness and dryness of scalp.
Keeping the above reasons in mind, consider the following tips before buying the best shampoo for dry scalp.
Although there are natural home remedies to cure the scalp issues, they equally take a lot of time and effort. So for faster relief, an efficient yet long-lasting solution is a must. For that, you need to know about the essential ingredients which can make a shampoo effective in combating these issues.
- Green Tea: Apart from being effective in weight reduction, green tea is also useful for curing certain scalp conditions like psoriasis.
- Salicylic Acid: Salicylic acid is an active ingredient in certain type of shampoos which can fight against dry and itchy scalp and dead flakes.
- Tea Tree Oil: It is a multi-purpose oil, often used in scalp cleansing shampoos. Its antifungal, as well as antiseptic features, can cure scalp allergies.
- Essential Oils : Almond and Jojoba oil, olive oil, coconut and tea tree oil are essential oils which can help in reducing dryness of the scalp and provide moisture to the hair.
Apart from these, there are certain things to keep in mind before buying the best possible solution for dry scalp shampoos.
Suitable as per scalp type
Not everyone’s requirement is similar in case of dry and itchy scalp. Some may have oily skin while the others dry. So while buying the best shampoo for dry scalp, ensure that you know your scalp type.
Moisturizers For Scalp
Split ends and hair fall are often associated with dry scalp conditions. Choose the best shampoo that contains moisturizing ingredients for scalp as well. Restoring adequate moisture in the scalp can reduce the flakes and dryness of the scalp. Hydrated hair is healthy and it has little or no roughness or frizziness.
Check Shampoos Without Sulfate
Sulfate and parabens are harmful ingredients that may cause various scalp issues. So while buying shampoo for dry scalp, make sure to check the ingredients list first. Sulfates create rough hair-follicles by discarding natural oils and moisture. Usually, medicated shampoos contain this while organic and vegan shampoos do not include this as an ingredient. If you are not affected by severe dermatitis or psoriasis, always opt for a herbal and organic shampoos.
Medium-Low pH level
Low pH levels in shampoos are good for dry scalp whereas high pH levels cause damage to the hair-cuticles. Those shampoos with moisturizers contain low pH levels. Even though your scalp is dry, using conditioners is not mandatory. There are some vegan shampoos that contain conditioning ingredients as well.