Hemorrhoids, a condition that is highly common among adults, occurs when there is a swelling in the veins inside an individual’s anus or lower rectum. This condition is particularly similar to varicose veins, which is a condition where the veins get enlarged and twisted. The cause of this condition is not known most of the times, even though a number of cases of hemorrhoids are reported. The common cause includes stress or pressure on these veins during pregnancy or a strain experienced during bowel movements. The treatment for hemorrhoids is not an engraving concern as there are many effective methods and techniques to treat the condition.
Let’s look at some of the common symptoms of hemorrhoids.
- You might start feeling an itchy or irritating sensation in your anal region, take this as a symptom and try to get help sooner rather than later.
- Along with the itchy sensation, there might also be a swelling that grows around your anal region causing obvious pain and discomfort to you.
- Other than this, you could also witness a painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might notice stains of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
- A condition of thrombosed hemorrhoid is the closest to probability when you get a lump on your anal region; you could get an anal bump even in a condition of hemorrhoid.
You can treat the pain, swelling, and irritation caused by hemorrhoids with certain home remedies, and in some cases, they could also be the only treatment you need. Let us look at the home remedies that would provide effective hemorrhoids treatment.
- High-fiber foods: Accommodate more fruits, veggies, and whole grains in your diet, they help in softening the stool thereby increasing its bulk. This will reduce the stress on the existing hemorrhoids. You must ensure to add fiber to your diet to get rid of the gas.
- A warm or sitz bath: A sitz bath fits on the toilet to soak your anal region and provide relief. Soak it about two to three times a day to get relief from the itching and pain.
- Maintain a high hygiene: It is recommended to bathe or shower at least once a day; while showering, clean your anal area with warm water. Keep away from alcohol or perfume based wipes.
- No dry toilet paper: Dry toilet paper will only worsen your condition, it will take away the moisture and increase the swelling as well as the irritation.
- Pain killers: You can take a painkiller or two in a day for a short-term relief from the pain. Acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen are some of your options.
These home remedies can prove to be effective options for hemorrhoids treatment; you can also get rid of them within a week if these remedies are followed religiously.
Let us have a look at some of the medications that you can resort to for effective hemorrhoids treatment.
- Over-the-counter medication: If your condition isn’t too severe, your doctor will ideally prescribe some over-the-counter medication that can help you get through the condition. The medication includes creams, ointments, suppositories, or pads. If not permanent relief, the medication can offer relief temporarily.
- External hemorrhoid thrombectomy: This is one of the most popular hemorrhoids treatment for an external blood clot on your anal region. This clot can be removed by your doctor with an incision and drainage. It might not provide instant relief; the procedure is the most effective if it is performed within 72 hours of formation of the clot.
- Minimally invasive procedures: If your hemorrhoids last for very long and lead to persistent bleeding and pain, your doctor might advise one of the following minimally invasive procedures.
- Rubber band litigation: This procedure includes a process where your doctor will place one or two rubber bands around the base of your hemorrhoid to cut off its circulation. After this, hemorrhoid will possibly fall off in a week.
- Injection (sclerotherapy): The purpose of this procedure is to shrink your hemorrhoid and is achieved with your doctor injecting a chemical into your hemorrhoid tissue. This can cause very little pain but is also less effective than the rubber band litigation.
- Coagulation: This procedure hardens the internal hemorrhoids with the help of infrared or laser. The purpose is to heat up hemorrhoids thereby, hardening it.
- Surgical procedures:. These hemorrhoids treatment procedures are only undertaken when the other procedures aren’t successful or your hemorrhoid is too large for any other procedure to work effectively. This surgery might require an overnight stay at the hospital.
- Hemorrhoid removal: This is also an effective hemorrhoids treatment that involves a procedure where your doctor will get rid of the hemorrhoid tissue that is causing the bleeding. The surgery involves local anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, or a general anesthetic combined with sedation. This process is known as hemorrhoidectomy and is one of the most effective hemorrhoids treatment.
- Hemorrhoid stapling:. This procedure is used mostly for internal hemorrhoids as it blocks the blood flow to the hemorrhoid tissue. This blood flow is stopped by stapling the veins around the infected tissue. This procedure is called stapled hemorrhoidopexy or stapled hemorrhoidectomy. It is less painful as compared to hemorrhoidectomy, but it is also not as effective at the same point and there are chances that the condition might reoccur after this procedure.